5. How is it different than BOOTP or RARP?
DHCP is based on BOOTP and maintains some backward compatibility. The main difference is that BOOTP was designed for manual pre-configuration of the host information in a server database, while DHCP allows for dynamic allocation of network addresses and configurations to newly attached hosts. Additionally, DHCP allows for recovery and reallocation of network addresses through a leasing mechanism.
RARP is a protocol used by Sun and other vendors that allows a computer to find out its own IP number, which is one of the protocol paramvcers typically passed to the client system by DHCP or BOOTP. RARP doesn’t support other paramvcers and using it, a server can only serve a single LAN. DHCP and BOOTP are designed so they can be routed.