Tag - eigrp

what BGP Attributes

BGP Attributes

  1. AS path
  2. Origin
  3. Local Preference
  4. Multi-Exit Discriminator (MED)
  5. Weight

 

AS path: An ordered list of all the autonomous systems through which this update has passed. Well-known, mandatory.

Origin: How BGP learned of this network. i = by network command, e = from EGP, ? = redistributed from other source. Well-known, mandatory.

Local Preference: A value telling IBGP peers which path to select for traffic leaving the AS. Default value is 100. Well-known, discretionary.

Multi-Exit Discriminator (MED): Suggests to a neighboring autonomous system which of multiple paths to select for traffic bound into your autonomous system. Lowest MED is preferred. Optional, non-transitive.

Weight: Cisco proprietary, to tell a router which of multiple local paths to select for traffic leaving the AS. Highest weight is preferred. Only has local significance.

IGPs, such as EIGRP or OSPF, choose routes based on lowest metric. They attempt to find the shortest, fastest way to get traffic to its destination. BGP, however, has a different way of route selection. It assigns various attributes to each path; these attributes can be administratively manipulated to control the path that is selected. It then examines the value of these attributes in an ordered fashion until it can narrow all the possible routes down to one path.

BGP chooses a route to a network based on the attributes of its path. Four categories of attributes exist as follows:
Well-known mandatory: Must be recognized by all BGP routers, present in all BGP updates, and passed on to other BGP routers. For example, AS path, origin, and next hop

Well-known discretionary: Must be recognized by all BGP routers and passed on to other BGP routers but need not be present in an update, for example, local preference.

Optional transitive: Might or might not be recognized by a BGP router but is passed on to other BGP routers. If not recognized, it is marked as partial, for example, aggregator, community.

Optional non-transitive: Might or might not be recognized by a BGP router and is not passed on to other routers, for example, Multi-Exit Discriminator (MED), originator ID.

 

BGP Attributes Symbol

CCNA – EIGRP Questions

Here you will find answers to EIGRP Questions

Question 2:

As a Cisco technician, you need to know EIGRP protocol very well. Which of the following is true about EIGRP successor routes? (Choose two)

A – A successor route is used by EIGRP to forward traffic to a destination
B – Successor routes are stored in the neighbor table following the discovery process
C – Successor routes are flagged as “active” in the routing table
D – A successor route may be backed up by a feasible successor route

Answer: A D

Explanation:

B is not correct because neighbor table only contains a list of directly connected EIGRP routers that have an adjacency with this router, it doesn’t contain successor routes.

C is not correct because successor routes are not flagged as “active”, they are always the best route to reach remote networks and are always used to send packets.

A and D are correct because successor route is the best and primary route to a remote network. It is stored in the routing table and topology table. If this route fails, a backup route (called feasible successor route) in the topology table will be used to route traffic to a destination.

Question 3:

Which two statements are true regarding EIGRP? (Choose two)

A – Passive routes are in the process of being calculated by DUAL
B – EIGRP supports VLSM, route summarization, and routing update authentication
C – EIGRP exchanges full routing table information with neighboring routers with every update
D – If the feasible successor has a higher advertised distance than the successor route, it becomes the primary route
E – A query process is used to discover a replacement for a failed route if a feasible successor is not identified from the current routing information

Answer: B E

Explanation:

Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL) is the algorithm for selecting and maintaining the best path to each remote network. DUAL tracks all the routes advertised by neighbors and selects routes based on feasible successors. It inserts lowest cost paths into the routing table (these routes are known as primary routes or successor routes) -> A is not correct.

EIGRP is still a distance-vector protocol, but has certain features that belong to link-state algorithms (like OSPF) than distance-vector algorithms. For example, EIGRP sends a partial routing table update, which includes just routes that have been changed, not the full routing table like distance-vector algorithms -> C is not correct.

The feasible successor route will become the primary route when its advertised distance is higher than the feasible distance of the successor route. The feasible successor route can be used in the event that the successor route goes down. Notice that the feasible successor route does not get installed in the routing table but is kept in the topology table as a backup route -> D is not correct.

“Support VLSM, route summarization, and routing update authentication” are the features of EIGRP -> B is correct.

When a route fails and has no feasible successor, EIGRP uses a distributed algorithm called Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL) to discover a replacement for a failed route. When a new route is found, DUAL adds it to the routing table -> E is correct.

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