BGP Failover Troubleshooting

Border Gateway Protocol

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is the protocol which is used to make core routing decisions on the Internet; it involves a table of IP networks or “prefixes” which designate network reachability among autonomous systems (AS). BGP is a path vector protocol or a variant of a Distance-vector routing protocol. BGP does not involve traditional Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) metrics, but routing decisions are made based on path, network policies and/or rule-sets. For this reason, it is more appropriately ermed a reachability protocol rather than routing protocol.

BGP - Border Gateway Protocol

BGP performs interdomain routing in Transmission-Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) networks. BGP is an exterior gateway protocol (EGP), which means that it performs routing between multiple autonomous systems or domains and exchanges routing and reachability information with other BGP systems.

  1. BGP Adjacency States
  2. BGP path Selection
  3. BGP Attributes
  4. AS Override

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